Apples for a long time and all the usual fruit, but that's why they are often underestimated. Meanwhile, the consumption of apples in the absence of individual contraindications should be a daily habit, experts say. Are you sure you know all about apples? This question is given by a dietitian Oksana Skitalinskaya. She shared three facts about extremely useful qualities of apples, which are known to many. In particular, he said the doctor, the use of apples helps to solve the problem with falling asleep and improves sleep quality. The fact that apples are a group of products that contain natural melatonin or stimulate the production of melatonin in the body. Melatonin is often called the "sleep hormone", but due to this substance can not only sleep better. Melatonin has a rejuvenating effect, strengthens the immune defense of the body and protects against cancer, reduces the risk of ischemic stroke. Apples can also act on the person as an effective antidepressant. Included in the phytonutrients apples have the property of suppressing excessive activity of an enzyme that promotes the splitting and rapid excretion of the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine. It is their deficiency in the body triggers the development of the blues, sadness and depressive perception of reality. Apples "treat" like state. "An apple a day - and do not need an oncologist?" - under this title Annals of Oncology journal published an article in which scientists recommend eating apples for the prevention of breast cancer. The study found that compared with women who consumed less than one apple a day, those who ate a daily basis more than one apple, the risk of developing breast cancer was 24 % below. Also, the scientists was a correlation between regular consumption of apples and a reduced risk of ovarian cancer, larynx, colon cancer, and pancreatic cancer. According to nutritionists, it is important to eat apples with peel. Fruit peel is the first line of defense against external aggressors, and have higher content of antioxidants and phytonutrients. Furthermore, apple peel scientists have discovered a substance that activates the maspin gene that protects the body from the appearance of breast tumors. As noted Skitalinskaya, in the case of breast cancer, "the cancer cells, this gene is turned off, and the components of apple peel able to activate it again."