Allergies and pregnancy - how to avoid aggravation
For over two thousand years known phenomenon of intolerance to certain foods, causing itching, local redness, pain in the abdomen. However, the final defeat allergy medicine today is not yet possible. What to do if a woman is before pregnancy was prone to food allergies?
Can pregnancy itself provoke allergic reactions?
How to protect your unborn baby from the manifestations of allergies? These issues are currently a lot of debate.
Allergies - is overboost sensitivity to certain foods or included in their individual components.
- It arises due to the features of the immune system.
- In response to the allergen enters the body in fighting "outsider" starting protein to produce special substances - antibody. As a result, time, and there are skin rashes, itching discomfort or even pain.
Typically, a predisposition to allergic reactions is inherited. Although there may be other reasons:
- disruption of the gastrointestinal tract,
- the use of foods containing different supplements
- the environmental situation in the area of residence,
- a general weakening of immunity, for example, as a consequence have an illness.
According to the domestic and foreign researchers, the prevalence of food allergy varies widely from 0, 01 to 50%.
And if I am pregnant ?!
If before pregnancy you are faced with a food allergy, it's likely you already know that you can eat, and what - not. But often the expectant mother has no idea that she had an allergic background slightly increased. Opportunity to display various reactions can "hide" to a certain point, in this case, before the onset of pregnancy.
The danger is that intolerance or hidden food allergies in the mother during pregnancy and lactation may provoke allergies in the child. After an expectant mother allergy manifests itself not only in the typical allergic diseases or allergic reactions.
By the manifestations of hidden food allergies during pregnancy and are a problem such as weight gain and pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia pregnancy (edema, high blood pressure).
Edema and overweight are associated with intolerance, rather than the fact that a pregnant woman simply "ate too much". This is primarily an immunological reaction to the intolerance of the product. Fluid retention occurs, which either accumulate in fatty tissue and is shown a set of excess weight, or leads to edema, high blood pressure and more serious changes in the kidneys. If you do not pay for these symptoms of serious attention, the problem does not end with the delivery, it is transferred to the child. Indeed, the children of such mothers more likely to suffer from allergies, increased intracranial pressure, often suffer.
From what foods should expect a dirty trick in the first place?
- red and black caviar
- dishes made from soy
- semolina, millet and oat groats
- sweet: chocolate, honey
- from fruits: Citrus
And also: smoked, salted, spicy foods.
The above products have the ability to accumulate in the body provoking substances.
There is an opinion: the more expectant mother eats fruits and vegetables, the better. But even useful goodies such as peaches, carrots, dried apricots with excessive daily use can cause allergic reactions. Desirably excluded from the menu foods containing preservatives, various additives with the suffix "E", additives to improve the taste. When you purchase select products with short-term storage for a period, they have fewer additives.
Mini diet to use the name
In addition to the cautious attitude known allergenic foods for preventing weight gain as manifestations of food intolerance are commonly used fasting days - apple, kefir, etc.
If we consider that weight gain and a tendency to edema are more typical for the second half of pregnancy, the diet of the distribution may be as follows:
Breakfast - 30%
Lunch - 40%
Snack - 10%
Dinner - 20%.
Note! The last meal should be 2-3 hours before bedtime, and consist of easily digestible foods (eg, fruits, yogurt, cottage cheese).
How to identify a food allergy?
To detect allergy used method for determining food allergen antibody Ig G4. These antibodies are produced in the body as a reaction to food. They are transmitted to the fetus through the placenta and play a big role in the formation of allergic propensity baby. When the amount of these antibodies exceeds a certain level, we can talk about intolerance or hidden food allergies.
Given these individual variations, the doctor can make a special diet in accordance with the received data.
But what about everything you need?
Of course, a pregnant woman should receive adequate amounts of protein, carbohydrates, fats, essential amino acids, trace elements. We are not talking about how to exclude entire groups of products - such as all meat products. It is only certain types for which significantly enhanced the development of antibodies, e.g., 1 - 2 meats, 2 - 3 varieties of cereals etc.
Some products can be used every day, others - every few days, but there will be those who strongly advises Dr. excluded.
And once again take in hand diary!
If you are prone to allergies, well, if you keep a special diary. Either it will be a separate "food" in the head of your general diary pregnancy. Write down every day what you ate, how much, whether the response was and what kind. This material can be very valuable to the doctor, because in this way to establish a "hard-core" products it will be much easier.
If everything very seriously ...
In the period of acute physician may further appoint:
2. Hormonal agents, ointments.
3. From desensitizing agents: diazolin on 1t. it is desirable in the second half of pregnancy.
In any case, do not worry: a properly fitted physician medications and their doses will be safe for you and your baby!